Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Gallbladder Disease and Medical Malpractice

Gallbladder Disease and Medical Malpractice
Gallbladder Disease and Medical Malpractice
Gallbladder disease encompasses a wide range of clinical conditions including cholelithiasis (gallstones in the gallbladder), choledocholithiasis (gallstones in the approved bile duct), cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder from obstruction of the biliary tree), and ascending cholangitis (infection of the biliary tree) . The most approved admittable presenting spot related to the gallbladder is cholecystitis. Patients reveal with biliary colic and fever. Cholecystitis is caused mostly by stones obstruction the cystic duct (90%)  which is the duct attaching the gallbladder to the favorite bile duct. The other 10% are due to stones obstructing the approved bile duct. The well-liked bile duct leads to the diminutive intestine, and is also fed by the hepatic duct coming from the liver (recognize anatomical recount below) . Risk factors for cholecystitis mirror those for cholelithiasis (simple biliary colic)  and include increasing age, female sex, determined ethnic groups, obesity or rapidly weight loss, drugs, and pregnancy.


Acute calculous (stones)  cholecystitis is caused by obstruction of the cystic duct, leading to distention of the gallbladder. As the gallbladder becomes distended, blood trudge and lymphatic drainage are compromised, leading to mucosal ischemia and necrosis.Acalculous cholecystitis is less approved and far more unsafe than calculous cholecystitis with a worthy higher mortality rate. It is caused by conditions associated with biliary stasis including considerable illnesses (many), major surgery, severe trauma and burns, sepsis, long term TPN (total parenteral nutrition), prolonged fasting, and diabetes.


An estimated 10-20% of Americans have gallstones (cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis), and as many as one third of these people beget acute cholecystitis. Cholecystectomy for either recurrent biliary colic or acute cholecystitis is the most approved major surgical scheme performed by general surgeons, resulting in approximately 500,000 operations annually.Most patients with acute cholecystitis have a complete remission within 1-4 days. However, 25-30% of patients either require surgery or effect some complication. The mortality rate for calculous cholecystitis is 4%. Perforation of the gallbladder leading to intraabdominal abscess and sepsis occurs in 10-15% of cases.


The most approved presenting symptom of acute cholecystitis is classically described as upper abdominal hurt, often radiating to the tip of the legal scapula. Although the afflict may initially be described as colicky, it becomes constant in virtually all cases. Nausea and vomiting are generally expose, and patients may narrate fever. In elderly patients, damage and fever may be absent, and localized tenderness may be the only presenting designate. Cholecystitis is differentiated from biliary colic by the persistence of constant severe hurt for more than 6 hours and the presence of fever.

Physical examination may dispute fever, tachycardia, and tenderness in the RUQ or epigastric spot, often with guarding or rebound. A palpable gallbladder or fullness of the RUQ is note in 30-40% of cases. Jaundice (Yellowing of the eyes and skin)  may be eminent in approximately 15% of patients. The absence of physical findings does not rule out the diagnosis of cholecystitis. Many patients show with diffuse epigastric hurt without localization to the RUQ. Elderly patients and patients with diabetes frequently have atypical presentations, including absence of fever and localized tenderness with only vague symptoms.


Lab studies have found that no combination of laboratory or clinical values are useful in identifying patients at high risk for acute cholecystitis. Although laboratory criteria are not gracious in identifying all patients with cholecystitis, the following findings may be useful in arriving at the diagnosis: Leukocytosis with a left shift, elevated liver function enzymes, elevated bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase, elevated amylase and lipase.

Imaging studies include expressionless x-rays (15% will prove gallstones, air in the gallbladder wall represents emphysematous cholecystitis due to gas forming bacteria and has a very high mortality rate), ultrasound (95% sensitivity for picking up gallstones), hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HIDA scan)  which is 95% true, CT and MRI (greater than 95% just), ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)  to diagnosis popular bile duct stones, intraoperative cholangiogram (for diagnosing accepted bile duct stones) .


For acute cholecystitis, initial treatment includes bowel rest, intravenous hydration, analgesia, and intravenous antibiotics. Antibiotics must veil the most well-liked organisms. Bacteria that are commonly associated with cholecystitis include E coli and Bacteroides fragilis and Klebsiella, Enterococcus, and Pseudomonas species.Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard of care for the surgical treatment of cholecystitis. Surgery is usually performed after symptoms have subsided but during the hospitalization for acute illness. For elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the rate of conversion from a laparoscopic plot to an start surgical contrivance is approximately 5%.

Complications and Prognosis:

Bacterial proliferation within the obstructed gallbladder results in empyema of the organ. Patients with empyema may have a toxic reaction and may have more marked fever and leukocytosis. The presence of empyema frequently requires conversion from laparoscopic to start cholecystectomy. In some instances, a gargantuan gallstone may erode through the gallbladder wall into the duodenum, impacting the terminal ileum and causing a gallstone ileus.

For uncomplicated cholecystitis, the prognosis is marvelous, with a very uncouth mortality rate. In patients who are critically ill with cholecystitis, the mortality rate approaches 50-60%, especially in the setting of gangrene or empyema. Once complications such as perforation/gangrene invent, the prognosis becomes less ample. In patients who are critically ill with acalculous cholecystitis and perforation or gangrene, the mortality rate can be as high as 50-60%.

Medical accurate Concerns:

The major apt liability in the treatment of gallstones rests with the surgeon and interventional endoscopist. Specific issues for the surgeon include current bile duct injury, trocar-induced bowel wound and lost stones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Delays in making the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis result in a higher incidence of morbidity and mortality. This is especially proper for ICU patients who earn acalculous cholecystitis. The diagnosis should be considered and investigated promptly in order to prevent abominable outcomes.

Surgeons must win the time to identify and protect the accepted bile duct. An intraoperative cholangiogram is useful in this regard. Inadvertent puncture or laceration of the well-liked bile duct is a catastrophic complication that is not easily remedied and is the most favorite surgical misadventure resulting in litigation. Over 70% of lawsuits bewitching iatrogenic favorite bile duct injury are resolved in favor of plaintiffs by verdict or by settlement. Routine cholangiography leads to intraoperative detection of such injuries.

Monday, February 17, 2014

Some famous Information Needed About Gall Bladder Treatment and Symptoms

Some famous Information Needed About Gall Bladder Treatment and Symptoms
Some famous Information Needed About Gall Bladder Treatment and Symptoms
Liver is an organ inside the body that produces bile that is utilized in the process of chubby digestion. Once the liver discharges bile it is kept in an organ known as the gallbladder, which is found very approach the liver and is linked to it through the hepatic duct. When you ingest fatty foods, the gallbladder is accelerated as well as the bile flows via the cystic duct into the usual bile duct from there directing in the intestines. Often, particular substances that are discovered in the bile fabricate into crystal in the gallbladder it develops gallstones.

These are typically associated with the consumption of foods, which are higher in carbohydrates, bulky and lower in fiber. The troubles that are triggered by these gallstones are pancreatitis, cholecystitis, gallstone ileus and others. Typically, the patient having gallbladder symptoms will have serious cholecystitis.

When there is gallstone, the muscular tissue in the gallbladder as well as the duct contract attempting to construct the stone proceed creating coarse distress in the abdomen's lawful side. The distinguished symptom of the gallstone is a dense hurt in the abdomen's upper fragment particularly after involving a fatty meal.

If for some reason the gallstone doesn't pass through on its believe, a patient may have to undergo surgical method to rule out the stone. The most typical surgical plot for removing gallstone is called laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a surgical way that is accomplished through a microscopic atomize. This is a very typical and level-headed process and seldom people will hear any complications.

These gallstones trigger colic and jaundice. A couple of other gallbladder symptoms that are typical location discomfort in the moral side on the chest, flatulency, feeling of nausea as well as belching. If the discomfort is really grievous, it can range directly to the wait on suitable shoulder blade.

Of course, the well-behaved arrangement to treat gallstones is to avoid gallstones. To avoid gallstones it is valuable to withhold the body flushed with rich fiber. Water-soluble fiber like that discovered in several fruits and vegetables are wonderful sources of fiber. You must also bewitch foods that are high in whole grain dietary fibers.

Home Remedy For Gallstones - A Cure For Gallstones So You Can sustain Your Gallbladder

A Cure For Gallstones So You Can sustain Your Gallbladder
A Cure For Gallstones So You Can sustain Your Gallbladder
Before gallbladder surgery even crosses your mind, you should try a simple home remedy for gallstones that works for almost all types of gallstones. Unfortunately, statistics prove that most people opt for the organ removal operation, gallbladder surgery. This is probably because their doctor recommended the surgery.

But before you consume your gallbladder, have you considered what history has taught us about various surgery practices.

Gallbladder Surgery- Is it worth it

Three thousand years ago, Egyptians performed some of the first surgical operations that made a butcher shop seek like a PG film.

One hundred years ago, surgeons would drill holes in a person's skull hoping to cure deafness.

And today, many natural health experts contain that gallbladder surgery will be the next surgery to be regretfully performed in medical hospitals.

Gallbladder surgery is also called a cholecystectomy. Cholecystectomy is a draw to surgically purchase the gallbladder. Though, many doctors possess that this organ-removal surgery is the only treatment for gallstones. They are despicable to the patient's demise.

Unfortunately, most doctors forget to mention that the surgery will cause you years of discomfort with diarrhea and nausea. Though, your body could eventually adjust. Your chances of getting bowel cancer are drastically increased with the continuous dripping bile into the digestive tract. And you will also be a perfect candidate to suffer from high blood cholesterol the rest of your life.

Maybe God wanted you to have your gallbladder! Here are some simple tips for a home remedy for gallstones.

A Natural Gallstone Treatment

To say the least, your body is fine miraculous. Some of the leading researchers and scientists are awed by the body and its ability to heal itself. With all that said, many researchers now fill that the body has an internal intelligence to heal itself completely if given the good tools!

And Natural Health has shown that various nutrition tips, lifestyle tips, vitamin supplements can actually attend in the process of your body healing itself naturally. In fact, this home remedy for gallstones is as simple as becoming a healthy person and allowing you body to work at optimal levels! Your body will naturally flush gallstones.

Here are 5 tips your doctor won't mention!

1. A Flush! The first step might be the most difficult because it takes 1-2 days! You should originate your treatment with a gallbladder, liver and colon flush. The flush will allow impurities, toxins, pollutants, cholesterol and 'bad' fats to pass from your body. The all-natural cleanse will rejuvenate your body to pass most of its impurities and should be done annually for gallstone prevention. Check out a Gallstones Remedy represent for the simplest and most effective flush.

2. Optimal Health- Research shows that drinking enough water is probably the healthiest thing you can do for your body. Your body is 75% water and dropping a couple percent can equate to gallstones. A pleasurable rule of thumb we state our customers is to drink half their body weight in ounces of water. If you weigh 180 lbs. then you should drink 90 ounces of water or 11 cups of water.

3. Cholesterol- Prevention is the best medicine. With that said, you should avoid high tubby and cholesterol foods because they cause cholesterol-based gallstones. We recommend eliminating it for one-month and gradually reintroducing them to your diet.

4. Fruits and Veggies- High water-soluble fiber foods are probably one of the best gallstone prevention tips. Fruits and vegetables have high water-soluble fiber order which will flush cholesterol which could cause stones. Go with about 7-8 servings of fruits and veggies per day.

5 Vitamins- One of the best vitamins you can be supplementing is vitamin C. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)  has been known to be effective to convert cholesterol to bile acids. With less cholesterol and more acids in your body, you can decrease the risk of gallstones. It will also boost your immune system.


Thursday, February 13, 2014

What Are Gallbladder Polyps?

What Are Gallbladder Polyps?
What Are Gallbladder Polyps?
The gallbladder is an organ that does not have many functions and it is not even important for survival, but it can cause problems. Problems occur when either gallstones or gallbladder polyps form and become too large. This may sound scary, but having polyps does not necessarily mean that any adverse effects will be experienced or that any other conditions will develop. Of course, any polyps need to be examined because there is also a slim chance that they are cancerous.

Having gallbladder polyps is not an uncommon thing and fact is that around 5% of organs have these formations. A polyp is a growth or a lesion that originates from the walls of the gallbladder and they are nothing other than mucous membranes which stay and build up in the organ. Normally the body takes care of these tissues, but nonetheless the gallbladder is prone for their formation and especially in people who already have gallstones. There are five main kinds of gallbladder polyps that form and each of these growths can be identified by having an ultrasound specialist take a look.

Almost all of the people who have gallbladder polyps do not experience any kind of symptoms or pain. Since they are usually asymptomatic there is no urgent need to act on them. However, if polyps grow to a size of half an inch or more, then effects may be experienced. Those effects, though, are from gallstones and not the polyps themselves. Whenever polyps in the gallbladder are discovered, it is incidentally and not intentionally.

Having these growths is normally not a reason to worry, but large sized polyps may also be a sign of cancer and therefore it is necessary to have them examined by a specialist. Especially patients that also have problems with the liver and biliary ducts need to worry that the gallbladder polyps may be malignant. If polyps become large and there is a possibility of cancer, even if benign, then there is only one real solution. That would be to just simply remove the entire gallbladder. This is not a problem and a human can function normal and fine without this organ.

Monday, February 10, 2014

How Do I Stop Gallbladder Pain?

How Do I Stop Gallbladder Pain?
How Do I Stop Gallbladder Pain?
Very simply, gallbladder pain is typically caused by gallstones. So, what causes gallstones This has confused a great many people due to the incredible amount of misinformation out there. I would like to simplify it for you so you can easily stop gallbladder pain and regain control of your life. You see, gallstones are almost always cholesterol deposits. It is a lesser known fact that you do not ever, ever need to get cholesterol from your diet. Although a small amount of cholesterol is important in your body, your liver naturally produces all the cholesterol you will ever need. But, we aren't the only ones who naturally produce cholesterol. All other animals do as well. When we eat them, we take in their cholesterol as well. This causes our net cholesterol, both HDL and LDL to go way up. This increase in cholesterol is what leads to heart disease and many other harmful conditions, including gallstones which is the cause of your gallbladder pain.

So, the most effective way to reverse gallbladder pain is to stop eating animal foods. That means meat (this includes white meat and fish too). It also means you have to stop eating dairy foods which includes butter, cream, milk, cheese, etc... It's a very simple reason. Gallbladder pain is caused by cholesterol in the diet. Cholesterol in the diet comes ONLY from animal foods. It would be like having a cut on your finger and instead of putting a band aid on it, you keep rubbing it with sand paper. It won't ever heal.

Now, at this point, you may be nodding your head in agreement, but if not, don't take my word for it. Do more research and you will quickly find that I am right. Assuming you come to see that your diet is the cause of your pain, you begin to wonder what in the world you would actually eat, but there is very good news for you. You can begin eating foods that will not only reverse and completely stop gallbladder pain, but will also protect you against heart disease, cancer, diabetes, obesity and all other known ailments and diseases. So, what kinds of foods are they?

Well, they include vegetables, fruits, dark leafy greens, legumes, nuts, seeds and basically anything else in the vegetable kingdom. Remember, there is NO cholesterol in the vegetable kingdom and in order to allow your body to stop creating more and more gallstones that will continue to grow in size, you have to cut cholesterol out of your diet. There are many wonderful cookbooks out there and restaurants that will create delicious meals, so you don't suffer the withdrawal of not eating animals foods anymore. Just do a little research and more importantly, get started as soon as possible. If not, you will most certainly be at the mercy of your gallbladder pain which will continue to get worse and worse until you are forced to have your gallbladder removed. Please, remember that having your gallbladder removed does not solve the problem and most people find the pain continues after they have had their gallbladder removed.

There is one more important step involved with stopping gallbladder pain for good. Assuming you stop eating cholesterol, that means you won't get any worse and it will allow your body to start digesting and removing your current overabundance of cholesterol in the liver and gallbladder. But, the second thing you have to do is actively flush the gallstones out of your body. This usually comes in the form of a gallstone flush. I recommend a very high quality herbal flush that specifically goes to work on your gallstones. This is a one, two combination punch that will effectively and painlessly flush gallstones out of your body, allowing you to get back to your life. The worst thing you can do, by the way, is nothing. Continuing your current diet will simply continue to make your condition worse. I strongly suggest you do more research... look into new ways of eating and gallbladder cleanses so you can begin to heal and get out of pain.


Gallbladder Surgery Recovery - Expectations During Gallbladder Surgery Recovery Phase

Gallbladder Surgery Recovery
Gallbladder Surgery Recovery
There is always one thing that a patient asks about the gallbladder surgery recovery period - will it be painful How long will the pain last? How painful is it? I hate to break it to you but the level of pain has always been different from person to person. In the medical world, it is considered a subjective cue since the level of pain may matter on a lot of factors.

Here are some of the common expectations during the first few days of the gallbladder surgery recovery period:


Generally for gallbladder patients, pain may be felt around 24-72hrs during the gallbladder surgery recovery phase. This is true and normal, especially for patients who undergone a laparosopic type of surgery due to the inflated abdomen during the surgery. Sometimes, pain could last up to a week thus your doctor will prescribed you analgesics to lessen the pain during the first 7 days. Inflation of your abdomen is necessary to give your surgeon a clear view of the surgical site.

Muscle Aches

Muscle aches during gallbladder surgery recovery period are considered normal due to the post-operative effects of your anesthesia. The aching is usually tolerable and it gives the patient a reason to stay in bed and rest a couple of hours after surgery. The effects of anesthesia may wear off after hours or a couple of days post op but will not stay up to a week. If muscle aches continue after 5 days, please call the attention of your doctor immediately.


Although common, diarrhea is not always present after every surgery of the gallbladder. It is considered normal to experience increased frequency of bowel movement during the gallbladder surgery recovery phase. The rationale behind this is because of the digestive system's adjustment to its new condition - of not having any gallbladder. During the surgery, it is also expected for some surgeon to move your intestines to get a clearer sight of the gallbladder. Your intestines will always get back to its original position after its been moved, but you may experience minor bowel alterations during the repositioning period.

Nausea and Loss of Appetite

This is fairly common during the first few hours or 2 days after surgery. Some patients even experience vomiting after surgery.


Expect for some minor inflammation on the surgical sites. For Laparosopic surgery, you may have at least 3 small surgical wounds but for open surgery, expect the incision to be far bigger. This is one reason why many patients now prefer the laparoscopic operation than the traditional one. The bigger the incision, the more chances of inflammation as well. Therefore, it is vital for a patient to know how to care for his/her incision/s during gallbladder surgery recovery.

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Diet For Gallstones - 5 Nutrition Tips to Start to Pass Gallstones Naturally

5 Nutrition Tips to Start to Pass Gallstones Naturally
5 Nutrition Tips to Start to Pass Gallstones Naturally
You might not be aware that there is actually a diet for gallstones. Most doctors won't bother to tell you about it, since they are more likely to suggest a gallbladder surgery that will leave you without your organ and about $20,000 in debt.

Fortunately, research continues to teach us more and more about gallstones and about how to help gallstones through diets and natural treatments.

This research is showing that in fact your diet makes a difference on how you form gallstones and on gallstone flushing. Even if you are set on getting gallbladder surgery, it may not hurt to try a simple gallstone diet that could end up saving your life and saving you thousands of dollars. (Removing your gallbladder puts you in danger of getting bowel and colon cancer.)

It all just takes applying some easy nutritional tips!

Gallstones and Your Diet

Why is it that more people still don't realize that diet affects your health in a big wayall In fact, a recent article lists over 20 diseases you are prone to if you are overweight.

And many doctors also are uninformed about how whole body health actually can prevent and relieve most diseases. For example, kidney stones can be blamed mainly on dehydration. So why don't most doctors suggest the simplest, most effective remedy for kidney stones: drinking enough water every day?

Gallstones can also be treated and passed naturally, if you eat and drink the right things. Since your diet affects all parts of your health, your nutrition can also flush your liver and gallbladder, safely and naturally.

The following are tips your doctor should have suggested before surgery.

5 Gallstone Diet Tips

1. Fiber therapy - Studies confirm that a diet loaded with water soluble fibers can prevent and treat gallstones. The following tips tell you how to get more fiber.

2. Grains are essential in many ways for a healthy diet, especially if you have gallstones. Try these delicious grains: whole grain breads, buns, and bagels, bran flakes, corn bran and whole wheat cereals, brown rice and whole grain pastas. Grains not only help with constipation but also the added bowel movement helps flush your system. Avoid any grains that say 'enriched' anywhere on the label, though.

3. Water soluble fiber - We cannot say enough about how important water soluble fiber is for flushing your organs. Water soluble fiber is found in many fruits and vegetables. These choices help greatly in flushing: dried fruits (apricots, dates, prunes, raisins), blackberries, blueberries, raspberries, and oranges.

4. Get 3-5 servings of vegetables a day and 2-4 servings of fruit, which follows the guidelines of the Food Guide Pyramid. Beneficial vegetables are: broccoli, dried peas, kidney beans, lima beans, green beans, and corn.

5. Be aware of what foods can trigger a gallstone attack. Jot down this brief list: eggs, pork, onions, alcohol, fried and fatty foods, salty foods, heavy proteins, milk from cows, processed and fast foods, and too much sugar.

Pass Your Gallstones in the Next 24 Hours

The tips you've just read can prevent and may even help treat your gallstones. Now consider a simple gallstone remedy treatment that is 100% guaranteed to help you avoid surgery and get rid of your gallstones. This treatment guides you step-by-step to dissolve and pass your gallstones painlessly.

Most people don't really need surgery. In fact, thousands have already flushed their gallstones in less than 1 day with an easy, natural, proven home remedy.
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