|Obese Kids, Facts, Prevention and Solutions|
Obesity or over nutrition is a generalized and excessive accumulation of chunky in subcutaneous and other tissues.
Obesity in childhood is not a disease but rather a symptom complex having a frail association with adult obesity with its correlates of increased mortality, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemias, liver diseases, cholelithiasis, and adult-onset diabetes.
Factors related to the occurrence of overweight and obesity are multifactorial in nature with the exception of obvious single gene disorders associated with human obesity (Prader-Willi, Bardet-Biedl, and Cohen syndromes) .
Some of known factors include:
- Repeated and uncritical offering of a bottle as a draw of dealing with a sulky or crying infant may build a habit that leads the infant to ogle food whenever experiencing frustration.
- Uncritical early introduction of high-calorie solid foods may lead to expeditiously weight acquire and obesity
- Heredity has recently been shown to influence fatness, regional corpulent distribution, and response to overfeeding. Infants born to overweight mothers have been found to be less active and to accept more weight by age of three months when compared with infants of normal weight mothers, suggesting a possible inborn drive to conserve energy.
- Excess fruit juice consumption by preschool-age children has been reported to be associated with obesity.
- excessive intake of high-energy foods
- inadequate exhaust in relation to age
- more sedentary life-style
- low metabolic rate relative to body mass
- increased insulin sensitivity
The incidence of childhood obesity relates strongly to family variables, including parental obesity (The risk of becoming obese is greatest among children who have two obese parents), slight family size, and family patterns of inactivity. An increased amount of time spent viewing T.V., playing video games, or "surfing" the internet appears to correlate with an increased incidence of childhood obesity.
Complications of obesity:
- Children with obesity experience well-known social and psychological stresses and difficulties.
- School children are frequently harassed, intimidated, and excluded from other activities; teachers may treat obese children differently.
- Sleep apnea is increasingly identified in obese children, it is estimated that sleep apnea occurs in 7% of obese children, and it directly diminishes participation and academic performance.
- Glucose intolerance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) occur in obese children and adolescents.
- Obese children have elevated serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and lowered high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
- Obese children are at increased risk of becoming obese adults.
- The pickwickian syndrome is a rare complication of coarse exogenous obesity, in which patients have severe cardiorespiratory damage with hypoventilation.
Prevention and treatment of Obese Kids:
Early attempts to modify behavior commencing in infancy period, my effectively prevent overeating and obesity. Such attempts include;
1.Feeding an infant on examine shortly after birth.
2.Providing food only at signs of hunger in the 1st year of life.
3.Avoiding cueing by showing graceful foods or regimenting feeding times by clock.
4.Teaching the child to eat only when hungry.
After childhood obesity is established, active participation and motivation of both the child and the family is considerable to implement an effective understanding for weight reduction and maintenance.
Techniques extinct for beefy reduction in adults, such as surgery, gastric balloons and pharmacotherapies are contraindicated in children.
Very low-calorie diets are obnoxious because they may impair growth and development at considerable points during childhood.
Successful treatment of childhood obesity requires attention to the following components:
- Modification of diet and caloric order.
- Definition and consume of appropriate expend programs.
- Behavior modification of the child.
- Involvement of the family in therapy.